Archean Chemical Industries Ltd – IPO Note – Equity Research Desk

November 8, 2022 . Equities Desk

Company Overview: 

Archean Chemical Industries is a leading specialty marine chemical manufacturer in India and focused on producing and exporting bromine, industrial salt, and sulphate of potash to customers around the world. It produces its products from its own brine reserves in the Rann of Kutch, located on the coast of Gujarat, and manufactures its products at its facility near Hajipir in Gujarat. The key geographies for exports include China, Japan, South Korea, Qatar, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The bromine produced by Archean is used as key initial-level material, which has applications in pharma, agrochemicals, water treatment, flame retardant, additives, oil & gas, and energy storage segments. Industrial salt is an important raw material used in the chemical industry for the production of various other chemicals and compounds and sulphate of potash is used as a fertilizer and also has medical uses to reduce the plasma concentration of potassium when hypokalaemia occurs. 

Objects of the Offer:

  • Redemption or earlier redemption, in part or full, of NCDs issued by the Company.
  • General corporate purposes

Investment Rationale:

Market Leading Positions: The company is a leading specialty marine chemical manufacturer since 2013 in India, focused on producing and exporting bromine, industrial salt, and ‘sulphate of potash’ to customers around the world. The company is the largest exporter of bromine and industrial salt by volume in India in FY21 and has amongst the lowest cost of production globally in both bromine and industrial salt. It is also the only manufacturer of ‘sulphate of potash’ from natural sea brine in India. Sulphate of potash, also known as potassium sulphate, is a high-end, specialty fertilizer for chlorine-sensitive crops and also has medical uses. The specialty marine chemicals industry in which the company operates has high entry barriers, which include the high cost and intricacy of product development, manufacturing, and investment in salt beds. These factors protect the company from the entry of new competitors.

Financial Track Record: The Revenue from operations has increased at a CAGR of 26% from Rs.566 crs in FY19 to Rs.1130 crs in FY22. The revenue from exports has grown at a CAGR of 29% from Rs.477 crs in FY20 to Rs.795 crs in FY22. The EBITDA of the company has increased at a CAGR of 89% from Rs.69 crs in FY19 to Rs.467 crs in FY22. The EBITDA Margin had a robust improvement of just 12% in FY19 to 41% in FY22. The Profit after Tax (PAT) has increased at a CAGR of 66% from Rs.41 crs in FY19 to Rs.189 crs in FY22. The PAT Margin of the company increased from 7% in FY19 to 17% in FY22. The PAT margin for Q1FY23 stands at 21%.

Strong Clientele: As of June 30, 2022, the company had 18 global customers and 24 domestic customers. Its major customers include, for industrial salt, Sojitz Corporation (which is also a shareholder of the Company), Wanhau Chemicals, and Qatar Vinyl Company Limited; and for bromine, Shandong Tianyi Chemical Corporation, and Unibrom Corporation. The company has a long-term offtake agreement with Sojitz Corporation of Japan for 2 million tonnes of industrial salts per annum. The company has also added new customers in recent fiscals offering repeat orders and ensuring sustained revenue contribution from the segment.

Key Risks:

OFS – The IPO is a mix of offer for sale (OFS) and Fresh issue with OFS being 45% of the overall issue size. In the offer for sale (OFS), existing promoters and shareholders will offload up to 1,61,50,00 equity shares. Promoter “Chemikas Speciality LLP” through the OFS route will offload 20 lakh shares. Investors named India Resurgence Fund II will offload 64.78 lakh, India Resurgence Fund I and Piramal Natural Resources will offload 38.35 lakh shares each in the IPO.

Redemption Risk – Company has issued certain listed and redeemable NCDs on certain specified terms and conditions aggregating to Rs.840 crs. As on September 30, 2022, the amount outstanding under the borrowing arrangements entered into by the Company was Rs.699 crs. The company also proposes to utilise an estimated amount of Rs.644 crs from the Net Proceeds towards redemption or earlier redemption of NCDs issued by the Company either in full or in part, and the interest accrued therein if any. The company’s inability to comply with repayment and other covenants in its financial agreements could adversely affect its business.


Though the company has a monopoly kind of status in one of its products, the listed peers according to the company’s RHP (Red Herring Prospectus) are Tata Chemicals, Neogen Chemicals, Deepak Nitrite, and Aarti Industries. At a higher price band, the listing market cap will be around ~Rs.4725 crs, and Archean is demanding a P/E multiple of 25x based on FY22 EPS and 14x based on annualised Q1FY22 EPS. While comparing the P/E with its listed peers, the company seems to place itself between the undervalued to fairly valued categories. The leadership position and low-cost production offer the company some competitive advantages such as product pricing, economies of scale, etc. resulting in massive financial growth for the company. Based on the above views, we provide a ‘Subscribe‘ rating for this IPO.

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